By Leo Igwe My main task in this piece is to answer the question: Why is it difficult and sometimes dangerous to be an atheist in Africa? In answering this question, I outline the risks and difficulties that non theists face and how they play out in everyday life. I draw from the experiences of atheists in Nigeria, Ghana, and Zambia in answering this question and in supplying materials for further discussion and reflection. Atheists across Africa face personal, social, economic, state and organizational challenges. Personal Challenges: What kind of…Read More
This article gives an insight into what to expect when the doctor has pronounced that you need a liver transplant.
What is a liver?
The liver is the largest internal organ in your body. An average adult liver weighs approximately 2% of the total body weight. It is located in the right side of the abdomen just beneath the diaphragm and behind the lower ribs. The liver has a right and a left lobe. Beneath the liver lies the gall bladder which is the reservoir for bile.Read More
Passive smoking means breathing in other people’s tobacco (cigarette) smoke. A smoker’s exhaled smoke is called exhaled mainstream smoke. The smoke drifting from their lit cigarette is called sidestream smoke. The combination of mainstream and sidestream smoke is called second-hand smoke (SHS) or environmental tobacco smoke (ETS).Read More
Bowel cancer is cancer in any part of the colon or rectum. Untreated it will increase in size and may cause a blockage or can ulcerate leading to blood loss and anaemia.
What is the bowel?
The bowel is a 6-metre-long tube made of muscle, with a lining similar to the inside of the cheek. It is part of the digestive system and extends from the stomach to the rectum and anus. There are two parts of the bowel – the small bowel and the large bowel. Food and liquid are broken down in the stomach and then passed into the small bowel to be digested. From there, the nutritional parts of food are absorbed into the bloodstream and the remains pass into the large bowel. The large bowel is made up of two parts – the colon and the rectum. The colon is the first one-and-a-half metres of the large bowel, and the rectum is the last 12 to 15cm, ending at the anus. The colon removes liquid from digested food, which is turned into solid waste. The rectum holds this solid waste until it is expelled as a bowel motion (faeces).Read More
Men often tend to assume that they need to visit their doctors only if they get sick. However, men need to have regular health checks too. Regular medical check-ups help you stay healthy and to pick up early warning signs of disease or illness. Diseases such as cardiovascular (heart) disease, diabetes and some cancers that men are prone to develop can often be picked up in their early stages, when treatment outcomes may be more successful.Read More
Alzheimer’s disease – a progressive, degenerative brain disease – causes more than simple forgetfulness. It may start with slight memory loss and confusion, but it eventually leads to irreversible mental impairment that destroys a person’s ability to remember, reason, learn and imagine. Alzheimer’s disease is the most common cause of dementia, which is the loss of intellectual and social abilities severe enough to interfere with dailyfunctioning. Dementia occurs in people with Alzheimer’s disease because healthy brain tissue degenerates, causing a steady decline in memory and mental abilities.Read More