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Health Advice: Adenoids

Health Living adviceWhat is it? 

Lymph nodes make up part of the lymphatic system which helps the body’s immune system to fight infection. Lymph nodes are located in many areas of the body like the neck, armpits, chest, abdomen and groin. The adenoids are lymph nodes and are located in the throat behind the nose. Along with the tonsils, they form part of the ‘first line of defence’, which protects the body from infections. Airborne germs entering the body via the nose are filtered and trapped by hairs and mucous in the nose and then most are destroyed by antibodies and white cells made by the adenoids. 

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Health Advice: Alcohol Poisoning

Alcohol poisoning refers to the symptoms that accompany consuming a very large amount of alcohol, usually over a short period.

Large amount is when the blood alcohol level is so high that it is considered toxic (poisonous). When this happens the patient can become extremely confused, unresponsive, disoriented, have shallow breathing, and can even pass out or go into a coma. Alcohol poisoning can be life-threatening and usually requires urgent medical treatment. Binge drinking is a common cause of alcohol poisoning. However, it can also occur accidentally when somebody unintentionally drinks alcohol-containing household products.

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Health Advice: Acromegaly

Acromegaly is caused by an excess secretion of growth hormone due to a tumor of the pituitary gland. The most obvious signs of acromegaly are due to the overgrowth of bones in the face, hands and feet causing facial disfigurement, large hands and feet. However, the changes occur so slowly that they go unnoticed for a long time.

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Health Advice: A Refresher on Diabetes

Diabetes is a disease that is very common yet causes lots of confusion among people. It is always good to refresh your memory on the risk factors and myths associated with diabetes.

The Risk Factors for Diabetes
Like other diseases, diabetes has risk factors that include those that can be changed and those that cannot be changed. The risk factors for diabetes include:
• Being above your ideal weight by 20% or more
• Having blood pressure that is at or above 140/90 (called as hypertension).
• HDL cholesterol (the good cholesterol) that is 35 or less and/or triglycerides of 250 or more. To increase the good cholesterol, you need to increase the amount of exercise that you get each day, another of the reasons that doctors insist that diabetics do more exercise.
• Family history of diabetes, especially a parent or sibling.
• Own history of gestational diabetes or having had a baby that was more than nine pounds at birth regardless of gestational diabetes.

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Importance of Hand washing

Take care of your handsA number of infectious diseases can be spread from person to person by contaminated hands, particularly gastrointestinal infections, influenza and hepatitis A. Washing your hands properly can help prevent the spread of the organisms that cause these diseases. Use liquid soap and warm running water and wash hands for at least 10 seconds. Some forms of gastroenteritis can cause serious complications, especially for young children, the elderly or those with a weakened immune system. Drying your hands properly is as important as washing them.

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