After a five-month delay – much longer than the usual 20 day waiting period – officials refused to disclose any details of the relationship.
Officials told the Times, “Factors in favor of disclosure include the strong public interest in transparency and accountability, as well as interest in wider international relations and Tony Blair’s work in Rwanda.”
The Foreign Office, however, decided to withhold the disclosure of communications and sensitive commercial information to avoid an impact on Britain’s international relations.
Kagame, a former warlord and Tutsi who led the forces that ended the 1994 genocide, became president in 2000.
Blair’s and Kagame’s relationship has been under increasing scrutiny following harsh criticism of the Rwandan regime.
Amnesty International has accused Kagame of human rights abuses, including unlawful detentions, restricting freedom of expression and jailing opposition politicians and journalists.
A UN report accused his forces of war crimes, including possible genocide, in the east of the Democratic Republic of Congo.
In 2010, Blair told the Guardian, “I’m a believer in and a supporter of Paul Kagame. I don’t ignore all those criticisms, having said that. But I do think you’ve got to recognize that Rwanda is an immensely special case because of the genocide.
“Secondly, you can’t argue with the fact that Rwanda has gone on a remarkable path of development. Every time I visit Kigali and the surrounding areas you can just see the changes being made in the country.”
The former PM’s office insisted that Blair, who has earned millions in consultation and representation roles across the globe since leaving office, has no commercial interests in Rwanda.
Blair’s charity, the Africa Governance Initiative (AGI), calls Rwanda one of Africa’s “success stories.”
In 2013, the United Nations suspended aid to Rwanda after it was accused of backing rebels in the Democratic Republic of Congo, where they are accused of raping and abducting civilians.
Blair co-authored an article in Foreign Policy magazine saying the Rwandan government “strongly denied” the allegations.
The London ambassador for the Democratic Republic of Congo, Bernabé Kikaya Bin Karubi, wrote to Blair in response to the article:
“Can I presume that your remarks were made in your capacity as founder of the charity and after consultation with your team embedded in the Rwandan Government? Naturally that would explain your conduct as an apologist for the actions of the Rwandan Government.”
He also asked Blair to disclose information about how many AGI representatives work in Kigali, Rwanda’s capital, and to explain his relationship with Kagame.