Dar es Salaam (Dar) (from Arabic: دار السلام Dār as-Salām, “the house of peace”; formerly Mzizima) is the former capital as well as the most populous city in Tanzania and a regionally important economic centre. Located on the Swahili coast, the city is one of the fastest growing cities in the world.
Until 1974, Dar es Salaam served as Tanzania’s capital city, at which point the capital city commenced transferring to Dodoma, which was officially completed in 1996. However, as of 2018, it continues to remain a focus of central government bureaucracy, although this is in the process of fully moving to Dodoma. In addition, it is Tanzania’s most prominent city in arts, fashion, media, music, film and television and a leading financial centre. The city is the leading arrival and departure point for most tourists who visit Tanzania, including the national parks for safaris and the islands of Unguja and Pemba. Dar es Salaam is also the largest and most populous Swahili-speaking city in the world.
The Tanzania Ports Authority (TPA, under construction ) and PSPF Pension Twin Towers both in the background are the tallest in East and Central Africa.
It is the capital of the co-extensive Dar es Salaam Region, which is one of Tanzania’s 31 administrative regions and consists of five districts: Kinondoni in the north, Ilala in the centre, Ubungo, Temeke in the south and Kigamboni in the east across the Kurasini creek. The region had a population of 4,364,541 as of the official 2012 census.
Luanda is Angola’s capital, and is also by far the largest city in the country with more than 6 million residents. The oil producing country of Angola is located in Southern Africa and borders the Democratic Republic of Congo, Zambia, and Namibia. Blessed with abundant resources and suitably located near the coast or along major infrastructure, Angola’s cities have witnessed increasing urban growth.
6,542,942 inhabitants live in the Angolan capital city of Luanda. The port city of Luanda stretches along the Atlantic Coast and it is the political, economic, and administrative center of Angola. Founded in 1575, Luanda developed extensively as an administrative center of the Portuguese. Luanda was an important slave trade center, particularly for the slaves bound for Brazil. Luanda experienced a brief decline after the abolishing of slavery but achieved economic significance as a port from the trade of commodities such as palm oil, cocoa, coffee, timber, and ivory. Supply of fresh water to the city and the thriving of introduced crops such as cassava and maize further increased the prosperity of the city. The city was however severely damaged by the civil war starting 1975. Current peace and stability have fueled economic growth in the recent years. The Angolan government has undertaken measures to reconstruct the city through modern infrastructure and housing. Slums and dilapidated buildings are some of the challenges to the modernization efforts. Blessed with abundant natural resources such as oil and diamonds, Luanda has recently been on an upward trajectory regarding development. Overcrowding, congestion and traffic jams are a common phenomenon in Luanda. The city is increasingly attracting foreign expatriates, mainly due to the oil boom. This situation has resulted in numerous luxury developments such as gated communities and hotels. Luanda has continuously been named as the most expensive city for expatriates, as a majority of its population continues to live in poverty.